25 March, 2015 – Episode 507 – This Week in Science

March 27th, 2015
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CDC Seriously?, Bullies In Space, World’s Biggest Impact, Vaginarray, Bout That Bass, Color Changing Fish, Mammoth DNA, Spinning Spider Sisters, Really Too Tired, Prehistoric Tools, Cesspit Science, Walkie Crockie, Lemony-Skeeters, And Much More…

Disclaimer disclaimer disclaimer (by Alps Sarsis)
The scope of the universe is so large that at any one time the greatest minds of our kind can often focus only on miniscule angular parts of the whole picture. Any new discovery, any progression in the continued development of our understanding of all that there is – to everything here and everything out there – is but one segment of a seemingly rapidly expanding puzzle that represents: REALITY. The greatest discoveries are made when pieces of this puzzle are found to fit together and sometimes matching them represents the life work of multiple people or even multiple civilizations. While it may seem at times overwhelming to think it could be our destiny to finish putting this picture together in our lifetime, or even that of our entire species – do not lament! – For we are giving out free puzzle pieces on: THIS WEEK IN SCIENCE! Coming up next.

CDC Seriously?
A report published to the CDC’s website this past week finds that the agency’s biosafety oversight is lacking.

Bullies In Space
Jupiter might be the reason we have so many little rocky planets near our sun instead of super giants.

World’s Biggest Impact
Evidence found in Australia suggests that a massive meteor, larger than any other discovered on the Earth’s surface to date, impacted sometime possibly more than 300 million years ago.

Vagin-Array
Scientists hope to probe vaginas.

All about that bass, bout that bass
Is it really?

Color Changing Fish
Dottybacks change colors to act as a “wolf in sheep’s clothing” to catch their prey – but they also get an added benefit of getting eaten less, themselves!

Jurrasic Park, here we come…
Mammoths are more likely to come back than ever, now that mammoth DNA has successfully been spliced in with elephant DNA. But should we do it, just because we can??

Spider sisters are doin it for themselves
It turns out that female spiders do actually take an active role in courtship, especially when males are lackluster.

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Really Too Tired
A pilot study on sleep and sexual arousal in women finds that each additional hour of sleep increases arousal by 14%.

Old bones, old tools
A dig site find suggests that prehistoric tool use evolved in time with meat-eating.

Outdoorsy Vision
Nearsightedness may have to do with outdoorsyness

Science in a cesspit
Scientists are using fossilized poop to track historical movements of people across the middle east and europe.

Lemony-Skeeters
Research has shown that the malaria-causing Plasmodium parasite produces scented chemicals when ready to leave its host that might attract mosquitoes, and help complete its life-cycle.

A major croc
This crocodillian ancestor walked on two legs and was a major predator.

Squid Tape!
Camo sticky tape now with squid proteins!

Nitrate On Mars
Did Mars have a nitrogen cycle at some point in its past?

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18 March, 2015 – Episode 506 – This Week in Science

March 20th, 2015
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Hot In Here, Water Everywhere!, Sex Never Old, Zombie Shrimp, Slime Spitting Worm, Utili-Gecko, Chicks in Space Interview, Vitamin D News, Praise The Children, Yay For Zoos!, Life On Earth, And Much More…

Disclaimer disclaimer disclaimer
The following hour of programming has already started…
If you missed the beginning, don’t worry, this is where you
came in…
While all of time and space is occurring simultaneously in
spacetime…
We have made arrangements for the programs content to align
with your perspective of it.
The entirety of the program is being recorded, not just in
time, but on digitally stream-able and down loadable media formats…
So that if you could not arrange to have yourself in the
proper time slice at the appropriate space slice, any old time in space later
will do.
For those of you who are here now, know that you will always
be…
As we get ready for another timeless episode of…
This Week in Science
Coming up Next

Hot In Here
The period from December to February is the hottest on record according to NOAA.

Water Everywhere!
Ganymede has a massive ocean, and Enceladus has hot hydrothermal activity on its seafloor.

Sex never gets old
At least, according to a recent survey that found elderly continuing to enjoy ‘getting it on’.

Zombie Shrimp
A parasite turns shrimp into voracious cannibals that eat everything in sight, including other shrimp.

Slime spitting worm
A fairly basic creature, capable of a rather complex movement, could be the answer to several scientific questions

Geckos: nature’s multi-tool
Geckos are also super hydrophobic, with special skin that makes water bead and roll off of them like a car covered in wax.

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We interview Chicks in Space, who are Adia, Lilly, and MaryAnn Bulawa. Help them put an experiment on the International Space Station.

Vitamin D Low
D For Depression
Too High Die
A summary of some recent research into Vitamin D suggests that we aren’t getting enough, this can influence depression in women, and if you take too much it can contribute to mortality.

Giving too much praise could hurt your children
It could make them narcissistic!

Zoos and Aquariums boost biodiversity understanding
Statistically, it’s true.

Survey Says!
Two online surveys provided interesting information on mental states: hearing voices and synesthesia. Turns out not just schizophrenics hear voices and not all voices are bad. Additionally, synesthesia is influenced by a person’s environment during development. Researchers found a link between a certain set of kids alphabet refrigerator magnets and letter-color synesthesia.

Life On Earth
Chemists think that the ingredients for life could have existed simultaneously rather than preceeding one or another, and experimentally confirmed the idea.

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11 March, 2015 – Episode 505 – This Week in Science

March 13th, 2015
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Exercise Hormone Myth, Drugs For Life, Good Old Brains, Consciousness Network, Menopausal Orcas, Unrealistic Canaries, Rise Of The Boodies, Making Mouse Memories, What Flash-Backs?, Chameleon Color Change, Neander Art, And Much More…

Disclaimer disclaimer disclaimer
You may not be who or what you think you are…
No need to check a mirror and compare it to your
drivers license, this is not the you I am referring to, but the inner you…
Some people believe they are a soul… trapped for
the moment in a biological organism…
Others believe they are part of a connected
cosmic consciousness… the mind of the human being acting as if it were a
consciousness radio receiver…
Still others claim only to be a human being with
a brain…
The truth is… not agreed by all.
And if there is a truth, a final answer to the
question…
If we can agree that every version of reality
cannot be correct
Most people will be wrong…
But if you align you beliefs with science you
will never be alone, as you will always be in the company of
This week in science…
Coming up next

Exercise Hormome Myth
A recent study reports data that does not support the existence of Irisin, the so-called ‘exercise hormone’, which has been hailed since 2012 as a possible drug-target for anti-obesity.

Drugs For Life
Two drugs currently on the market have been described as part of a new class of anti-aging drugs called ‘senolytics’ based on studies on mice.

Consciousness…
It’s all in your head, and might be an emergent property of whole brain activation.

Older brains are just fine…
So sayeth a new study comparing old brains to young using blood flow as a marker of activation.

Menopausal orcas are wise matriarchs.
Orca females live well past reproductive age, but as it turns out, they are indispensable sources of wisdom within the pack.

Boodies on the rise in Australia
These marsupials driven to extinction on the mainland in the 1960’s could have a second chance, with some creating breeding.

Female canaries with unrealistic expectations
Usually male canaries can either sing at a great range or with awesome trills, but not both. However, females chose the supernatural trilly dynamic tones made by a computer over real live males every time. Sorry boys!

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Making Mouse Memories
Scientists have implanted false memories into sleeping mice leading them to seek rewards upon waking.

What flash-backs?
A survey found no long-term negative psychological effects of taking hallucinatory psychoactive drugs.

Chameleon Color Change
It takes crystals to change the chameleon’s color.

neander news
They did art. Who knew?

Stop Impulse Buys
Traffic light labels on food could help you make the right decisions at the grocery store.

Dwarves Circle Us
The Dark Energy Survey has elicited the discovery of several dwarf satellite galaxies in orbit around the Milky Way.

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04 March, 2015 – Episode 503 – This Week in Science

March 13th, 2015
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Blame Your Gandmother, Remote-Control Cockroaches, Fat Movie Effect, Bees Get Confused, Sperm For Safety, H5N1 Cure?, I Smell You, Non-primitive Sex Drive, Extreme Weather Feathers, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer
For tens of thousands of years mankind wandered in darkness
of night without sight
But for the light of moon, light of the stars and
eventually… fire
Keeping some darkness away but inviting shadows to dance at
the back of the cave wall…
Fire ushered in mankind’s mastery of nature…
The shadows and stars both told tales of greater things to
come… Science was born…
Yet just as our illumination began to reach further, push
harder against the unseen
A dark age made monsters out of shadows and threw the future
of humanity into coarsely crafted hellfire
The great uprising of the past hundred years has once again put
science firmly in control of the future of humanity…
The time of shadows and monsters behind us…
The moment in which we can do is now…
March 4th minions of science!
And see what wonders await you on the edges of discovery
March 4th Minions of science
With the knowledge that propels space craft beyond our solar
system and brings sub atomic particles into view
March 4th minions of science
And receive the gift that thousands of years of hard work
have gifted us here on
This Week in Science… coming up next

Blame Your Grandmother
Apparently, environmental epigenetic effects skip a generation.

Remote Controlled Cockroaches
Scientists have successfully used a special microcontroller backpack to control cockroaches, similar to how reins work on a horse. What next, remote-controlled dogs? Then people?!

Bees get confused
Bumblebees can create false memories, just like us, suggesting that any animal potentially can.

Frozen animal sperm could save a species
Samples at the “Frozen Zoo” could help to save the northern white rhino, by converting the cells into stem cells and then into sperm and egg.

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Sad movies make you fatter
According to a dumpster-diving research team, people eat more when watching sad movies.

We smell each other more than we thought
Dogs smell each other when they meet, and it turns out so do we. Our handshake is an excuse to smell the competition!

Possible H5N1 cure

Non-primitive sex drive

Extreme weather causes deformed feathers
Extreme weather events correlate with an increase in feather malformations called “pallid bands.” So, it doesn’t just mess up the feathers exposed at the time of the event, it also effects growth.

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25 February, 2015 – Episode 503 – This Week in Science

February 27th, 2015
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Big Old Black Hole, Plastic Eating Coral, Saharan Dust Fall, One Lab To Test Us All, Carnivorous Genes, Evolutionary Clock, Limpet Teeth!, Ant Latrines, Harlequin Cats, Prothetic Arms, Marketing Science, Climate Attitudes, Sea Spikes, Brain Waving Memory, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer
Today is a day that lives in scientific infamy… well, one of
the days anyhow…
For it was on this day, February 25, 1616
Back in a time when theological beliefs were treated as law…
and having opinions against, or simply beyond the understanding of the church
could lead to imprisonment, death, or worse…
That by order of a Pope, science was to be censored…
Specifically the propositions made by Galileo,
that the Sun and not the earth is at the center of our solar
system…. And that the Earth… moves
Pope Paul the Fifth chose inquisitor lord cardinal
Bellarmine to summon Galileo, admonish him for his discovery and warn him
against teaching it to others….
Galileo famously recanted his discovery and admitted it as
heresy…
The fact that 16 years previous Giordano Bruno was summoned
on similar charges of teaching a heliocentric solar system could not have
escaped Galileo’s decision to recant.
The fact that Giordano Bruno was imprisoned when he refused
to recant his understanding of the universe could not have escaped Galileo’s
decision to recant.
The fact that Giordano Bruno further refused to recant his
understanding of the universe while imprisoned and was then hung upside down
naked in a town square with an iron spike through his tongue and set on fire
while still alive… could not have escaped Galileo’s decision to recant.
The fact that Cardinal Bellarmine and the, then cardinal,
now Pope Paul both sat in judgment over Giordano Bruno in his trial that ended
in torture and death… could not have escaped Galileo’s decision to recant…
The fact
that the church was ignorant of the heavens, censored one of the greatest contributors
to scientific progress and committed horrible acts of torture in retribution
for speaking truth…. Could not have escaped their decision to canonize Cardinal
Bellarmine, making him a Saint in 1930…
on this day, February 25, 1616 the order was given to censor
one of the greatest scientific minds the world has ever know…
And on this day 399 years later…
We celebrate their failure to do so on
This Week in Science
Coming Up Next

Big Old Black Hole
A quasar chosen from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey has led scientists to the most massive black hole ever discovered, which seems to have gained its mass too quickly for its age leading to speculation about black hole formation.

Plastic Eating Coral
Coral are eating microplastics. What does this mean for their health?

Saharan Dust Fall
Dust travels in a plume from the Sarah to the Amazon, and fertilizes the vegetation there.

One Lab to test us all
Let’s use sewage to test the microbial health of our urban areas!

Carnivorous Genes
The carnivorous bladderwort was found to have a very interesting genome, full of self-editing.

Evolutionary Clock
A database of molecular dating data is being constructed to aid researchers in more accurately determining the timing of branchings in the tree of life.

Ants have bathrooms
Ants deficate in the corners of their nests. This could be for sanitary reasons, or to help them use their feces for farming or other uses.

Rainbow cat collars save local species
Cats in ridiculous jester-esque collars scare off local bird and lizard species before they can fall prey to the bloodthirsty pets – but pests like mice and rats are still easy targets.

Limpet teeth are the strongest thing on earth!
Limpet teeth (or the scrapey part of the radula) are the strongest, toughest thing in the animal kingdom – eclipsing spider silk. Think of all of the amazing new technologies we could create with this information!

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Prothetic Arms
Three men have received robotic arm prostheses using brachial innervation.

Information on global warming not the whole issue
A lot depends on politics.

Sea Spikes
The Atlantic Ocean along the Northeastern US was higher by four inches for a period of time suggesting that there are significant year to year differences in ocean level that will impact the severity of storms.

Brain Waving Memory
Areas of the brain may communicate using coded electrical signals separate from action potentials: research showed that the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex change frequency when agreement and disagreement occur.

Washing dishes by hand…
correlates with a reduction in allergies
Eating peanuts when young…
reduces peanut allergies

Beards Are Mean
Research into perception of personality from face shape has led to the discovery that people think beards make men look aggressive.

Inside an Extroverted Brain
They are different, but it’s uncertain whether the differences are a cause or effect of the personality type.

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18 February, 2015 – Episode 502 – This Week in Science

February 20th, 2015
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AIDS Monkey Vaccine, Hazy Mars, Brush With A Star, Science Is Better, Sexist Neanderthals, Chimps Learn Language, Pigeon Smarts, Ladybug Guards, Monster Hurricanes, Epigenome Database, Talking Language, Quiet Speech Center, Quiet America, Senseless Munchies, Caramel Cancer, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer
The following hour of programming has already begun…
It’s a science show where we talk about science…
What you are hearing now is the introduction.
Which will be followed by science
Later on in the show there will be a middle part.
Followed by more science…
And at some point after that, the show will end…
At which point we will likely just hang out here as we won’t
have anywhere more interesting to go…
Because even when the show is over, there is still nothing
more interesting to talk about than science…
To make the most of your listening experience we suggest
taking copious mental notes…
Though be careful not to write them on the backside of any
important memories
Speaking
of which, I just remembered that it’s Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio
Volta’s Birthday today….
I tell you this not
because I want you to wish my friend a happy birthday, you can, but he won’t hear
you on account of his death…
I tell you this because this is a science show
and
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta was a scientist born 270 years ago…
he discovered voltage… invented the battery… discovered Methane… and did it all
without any modern convenience to help him except for one…
Science… the only modern convenience that really counts
because without it we wouldn’t even have
This week in science… coming up next

AIDS Monkey Vaccine
Researchers report unparalleled success with a vaccine for simian immunodeficiency virus, a close relative of the human immunodeficiency virus, that includes two artificial versions of the CD4 receptor targeted by the virus upon infection.

Hazy Mars
What is that haze in the upper atmosphere of Mars? No one knows.

Brush With A Star
70,000 years ago or so, our solar system had a small run in with a small star system called “Sholtz’s Star”, which apparently passed through the outer Oort cloud.

Why sex is good, but science could be better
Sexual reproduction is amazing at getting rid of disease-causing mutations, but perhaps targeted genetic modification could do the job better?

Sexist Neanderthals
Marks left of the teeth of male and female neanderthal remains indicate that there was a division of labor between the sexes.

Chimps learn each others’ languages when societies merge
Danish chimps came to live with Scottish ones in Edinburgh, and the Danes modified their language to conform to the Scotts. Did they learn a new language or just conform to societal norms> Either way, impressive!

Pigeons are no dummies
Pigeons can learn to categorize items from within many different categories, such as dogs with dogs and hats with hats. What’s more, when shown a new picture, they could categorize them, too!

Ladybug as bioweapon
Wasps trick ladybugs to guard their eggs, like a giant weapon/fortress/helicopter mom.

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Monster Hurricanes hit Massachusetts
Based on sedimentary data and pollen grains from the past, scientists say that we should expect more as oceans warm. Also, the West will need to watch out for multi-decade droughts.

Epigenome Database
A tome of papers were published this week reporting on a project that has mapped the epigenomes of 111 cell-types in the human body.

Where european language came from
It wasn’t Europe.

Quiet Speech
Broca’s area, the area thought to be responsible for speech production in the brain was surprisingly found to deactivate during speech in a recent study.

Two biological entities that have been split for 60 miliion years get back together again!
It’s Ferngully sex-capades!

Soda Caramel Cancer
A compound found in cola drinks is cancer-causing, but how much is too much?

Getting the Munchies makes no sense
THC makes people hungry, but the effect happens by activating neurons involved in telling the brain that the stomach is full. What is up with that?

America’s Quietest Places
You can still find peace and quiet in the wild American west.

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11 February, 2015 – Episode 501 – This Week in Science

February 14th, 2015
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What’s In A Core?, Dark Mystery Galaxy?, Dark Matter Heart?, Not-So Bloody Past, Bloody Pests, Gator Blood, Cuddly Crocs, Cat Boxes, Human Cockroaches, Smoking Gun, Meditate On It, Sleep On It, Driving Stoned, Child Bee Labor, Rocktopus, Mr. Right Now, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaiemr Disclaimer
I shot an arrow into the air
It fell to earth I knew not where
For so swiftly it flew, the sight
Could not follow it in its flight
The words of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
over a hundred years ago…
Today,
a 22-story tall rocket shot into the air from Cape Canaveral…
The Falcon
9 sending supplies and late Christmas gifts to the International Space station
As well
as the deploying the Deep Space Climate Observatory, DSCOVR
Which, amongst other things, will be
taking Earth selfies every few hours…
While this mission alone is an impressive
feat carried out by private company SpaceX
Another major portion of their mission
had to be abandoned…
They intended to catch the arrow when
it landed, the first stage booster rockets anyhow… paving the way for cheaper
launches in the future
Three story waves on the landing
platform prevented that from happening this time
But there has never been a sea rough
enough to stop…
This week in science
Coming up next

What’s In A Core?
Using seismic waves travelling through the Earth, Chinese scientists have discovered that the core of the Earth has an inner core. Now we have to differentiate between the outer-inner core and the inner-inner core to determine the history of our planet.

Dark Mystery Galaxy?
The discovery of four cepheid variables, or large, pulsating stars along the plane of the Milky Way Galaxy has allowed a team of researchers to confirm that our galaxy is orbited by a dwarf dark matter galaxy.

Dark Matter Heart?
Modeling the motion of the gas and stars in the Milky Way, it has been confirmed that dark matter must make up a large portion of the inner galaxy.

Not-so bloody past – Evolution
Viral evidence suggests we didn’t follow a particularly bloody evolutionary path.

Bloody pests don’t like parasites
Mosquitoes put up an immune response after feeding on blood.

Put some gator blood on it

Crocs just wanna cuddle and play!
For the first time, cros have shown to exhibit all three types of “play” categorized and defined in the animal kingdom. Play is often associated with intelligence (or so I keep telling my boss…).

I CAN HAZ BOX?!
Cats have been proven to exhibit less stress when provided a box. Not just a hiding place, but also a vantage point and an aid in body temperature regulation. So, that is why your cat is so darn encourageable around packing materials!

Cockroaches have personality… Awwww!
Cockroaches exhibit different personalities and strategies in laboratory scenarios – some flee when the lights get switched on, others linger, and they even alter their tactic when in a group. See? They are adorable!

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Smoking Gun
Smoking is bad for your brain.

Meditate On It
But, meditation is good!

Then Sleep On It
And, no one is debating the benefits of a good nap.

Driving stoned
It’s better than being drunk… maybe.

Child Bee Labor
Young bees forced to work might compound the damages of colony collapse disorder.

Rocket Octopus
A robotic underwater rocket balloon has been developed based on the propulsion of octopuses.

You might be better off with “Mr. Right Now.”
Says evolution…

Smiley from space
Scientists say it is a galaxy cluster, but I choose to believe it is actually the universe smiling at me. Right back at ya, buddy!
Don’t forget what it shows us!
Massive gravitational lensing.

Dragon Capsule Returns

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04 February, 2015 – Episode 500 – This Week in Science

February 6th, 2015
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Asteroid Didn’t Kill Dinos?, Dusty Skies, Consistently Aphids, Polar Bear Penis Peril, Bisexual Beetles, Light Controlled Clock, Toxo Troubles, No More Noro?, Code Within Code, Evolutionary Proof, And Much More…

Disclaimer
Disclaimer Disclaimer
This week in
Science… coming up next

Asteroid Didn’t Kill Dinos?
Computer simulations and engineered experiments allowed researchers to recreate the intense heat of the Chixiclub asteroid impact, and conclude that the heat was not enough to ignite fires around the globe and thus kill the dinosaurs. It’s more likely that the dust and debris in the atmosphere resulted in life-killing global cooling.

Dusty Skies
Results from the Planck observatory confirm that space dust influenced approximately half of the signal from the BICEP2 experiment, making the signal too faint to be significant. So, we have no evidence of cosmic inflation yet, or of gravitational waves, but the search continues as we have no reason to believe they do not exist.

Be brave or a coward, just be consistent.
As an aphid resisting demise via ladybird, the winning tactic is to always act the same, regardless if that involves running or hunkering down.

Polar Bear equipment suffering from pollution
Back in February 2013, we discovered that otter bacula in europe were shrinking due to pollution. Now, it appears to be affecting polar bears, as well, and it also appears to be the same chemicals to blame…

Homosexual behavior in beetles has a specific upside
Mostly that girls and boys are super hard to tell apart. When there aren’t many ladies around, it is a good strategy to mate with anyone and everyone. Beetles are bi.

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Light Controlled Clock
Using optogenetics, Vanderbilt University researchers have determined that firing rate in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is essential as an input to resetting the circadian clock rather than just an output effect of the system at work. This work suggests that targetting the firing of neurons in this brain area might be used as a treatment for jet-lag, shift-work, and other clock-related disorders.

No More Noro?
A type of plasma, ‘cold plasma’, typified by a lack of thermodynamic equilibrium that exists at room temperature, was shown to significantly reduce the numbers of norovirus particles in lab experiments. It is suggested that this could be a possible anti-microbial agent for use in restaurants and other places where people’s hands tend to wander. But, what does it do to good microbes?

Code Within Code
The code for viral assembly is surreptitiously packed within the RNA that codes for the virus itself, but researchers have finally cracked the riddle. This knowledge might allow the development of drugs to more effectively combat the common cold.

Toxo found in muskrats and minks
It’s spreading!!

No More Evo
A bacterial species that lives in the mud, has not evolved in about 2 billion years… proof that change is not always necessary.

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