30 September, 2015 – Episode 534 – This Week in Science Podcast (TWIS)

October 2nd, 2015

Tears Of Mars, Moon Water, Big Dry Trees, New CRISPR Tool, A Viral Tree, Fake Blood, Bee Tongues, Fish Lovin’, Light Damage, BRAINy News, Memory Prosthetics, No Gravitational Waves, Proper Speaking, Sex Acts, Light Sabers, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer!
If it keeps on rainin’, levee’s goin’ to break…
Yes if it keeps on rainin’, levee’s goin’ to break
When the levee breaks…
we got water on Mars!
Pack your bags kids, turn off the pilot light,
drop the pets off at the neighbors!
Tell the boss so long,
cancel my subscription to the resurrection,
put on your shades, and free your caged bird.
Spread the word…
We… Are… outta here!!!!
maybe not all of us, and not anytime soon.
But, the discovery of free flowing water on mars has opened up
the possibility of human colonization of a second planet in our solar system…
And, regardless of how you answer the question:
Would you go?
Enough of us will say yes to the challenge ahead that one day…
One historic day that is already echoing into its past…
Mankind will settle the red planet.
And when we do, the one thing we will thank for getting us there is
The week in week out work of scientists.
And nowhere else does the does the week in week out work
of scientists echo more loudly than
This week in science…
Coming up next

Tears Of Mars
NASA announced that salty water has been discovered flowing on the surface of Mars. What does this mean for the possibility of life on Mars?

Water on the moon too…
Not just hiding in cold, dark shadows, water appears to be more available on the moon than previously thought, AND it came from asteroids.

Big Dry Trees
A study published in Nature indicates that large trees suffer the most during droughts. This is bad news since bigger trees significantly affect ecosystems and carbon storage.

A new protein called Cpf1 that is able to cut human DNA – potentially with greater accuracy than Cas9 – has been discovered by scientists at the Broad Institute, and might lead to scientific and intellectual property advances in the field.

Virus tree of life…
New evidence adds more strength to the idea that viruses might be alive.

Fake blood from under the sea…
Do the oxygen-binding components in deep-diving whales have the potential to revolutionize the artificial blood field?

Bees evolving quick and dirty to survive climate change
High altitude bees have lost half their tongue length to survive with new flora moving skyward, showing they may make it through this dramatic change – but it’s not looking so good for the flowers!!

Fish know how to treat their lovers
Rabbitfish “watch eachothers’ backs” when feeding – proving a complex social behavior that was previously not expected in these cold, scaly, unintelligent creatures…

Artificial light hurts more than migratory birds
Wallabies are troubled by artificial light coming in from urban areas – what is it doing to us, then??

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Certain lifestyle and cognition abilities suggest that your brain may be connected to talk to itself while at rest.

Memory Prosthetic
A new device may be on the way to help people with damage to the hippocampal brain regions form new memories.

How height makes you more, or less sexually active
Researchers used self-reported data on number of lifetime sexual partners to look for a link between height and BMI and sex in humans.

Missing Gravitational Waves
The latest experiment in the search for gravitational waves has come up empty handed.

Many Layered Comet
Comet 67P is probably made up of two comets that collided at some point in the past. Additionally, it is eroding from the periodic build up and melt of ice in the shadows on its surface.

Giving pause to proper speaking
Proper pauses in speech make it easier for people to understand you.

Portabella batteries
Engineers are creating carbon nanofibers for energy storage out of mushrooms.

Great news for tazzies!!
First vaccinated tasmanian devils have been released into the wild – this could be an amazing success story after a nearly 100% fatal disease began spreading across the species!

One step closer to a light saber
Be afriad… be very afraid… OF SHOUTYBLAIR WITH A LIGHT SABER!! Or, not. It’s still going to take a lot of work to miniaturize the tech to light saber size.

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23 September, 2015 – Episode 533 – This Week in Science Podcast (TWIS)

September 24th, 2015

Stressful Science, Urine From A Pig, Personal Microbe Space, Old Climatia News, Giant Killer Lizards, Nurture Effects Nature, Death By Noise, Nanobot Helpers, Rethinking Memory, Polar-saurus, Stingy Rich, Mystery Afoot!!, Humming Giraffes!, Dangerous Spanish Fly, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer…
As the pope landed on US soil today,
the media excitement
around the visit was pope-able.
What most interested those science minded observers,
was the amount of discourse given to the popes message on global warming…
He even published a paper on the subject,
not in a scientific journal,
but rather an encyclical…
which is a sort of required reading for all bishops within the church entitled
“Our care for our common home”
Which reads very much like a scientific synopsis of the
issues and dangers of global warming.
In the past this pope has even confirmed his belief
in the big bang and the process of evolution.
But what brings a pontiff to pontificate so prolifically on scientific subjects?
long before being called into priesthood…
long before being summoned to step in as standard bearer of the holy see…
The now Pope Francis, then was a student of science and
worked as a food chemist.
And once a scientist… always…
you will understand that science works, and is awesome.
So before we can be too irritated that a man of god is
heard, where thousands of men and women of science were ignored…
Let us appreciate the message getting heard…
the messenger for delivering it…
And the power that an early education in science can have on
the world here on
This Week In Science…
Coming up Next

Stressful Science
Several labs working together have determined that cellular stress was the source of error in last year’s fantastical and retracted STAP cell papers that resulted in the resignation of one researcher and the suicide of fanother. Some cell types glow faintly, so-called autofluorescence, when stressed out.

Urine From A Pig
Japanese researchers have grown working kidneys from human stem cells with a urine excretion system composed of ureters and a bladder, and shown them to work in mice and pigs.

Personal Microbe Space
You are surrounded by a unique microbial cloud. In effect, we are all Pig Pen.

Global Warming is nothing new…
We’ve been seeing the signs for decades.

Giant killer lizards of Australia…
They once roamed the continent, possibly terrorizing the Aboriginal people as they populated the new land.

Nurture effects nature, when it comes to parenting.
Good parents beget good parents, and good dads are likely to be exploited by bad moms.

Noise could KILL YOU
Turn that radio down, and move to the suburbs! Birds exposed to high levels of noise had noticeable shorter telomeres, meaning potentially shorter lives – but why?

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De-carbonating the oceans with nano-bots
Researchers are designing nanobots that could reverse the process of ocean acidification.

Rethinking Memory
Do we really understand how memories are recalled? Recent work using amnestics suggests that the drugs don’t wipe our memories, but rather add themselves to the memory mix. Memories remembered while given an amnestic were more likely to be recalled when on the amnestic again.

It’s an Arctic dino discovery!

Rich And Stingy
The rich think about sharing finances differently than everyone else.

Mystery Afoot!!
People have a lot of trouble telling their toes apart. Weird stuff! (Now everyone prod each other’s toes)

Humming Giraffes!
Giraffes hum at night.

Dangerous Spanish Fly
Don’t eat beetles on a dare is the moral of the story. Also, Spanish fly is a real thing, and it causes kidney damage.

Do You Hear?
Or see? Musicians hear music when they read it.

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16 September, 2015 – Episode 352 – This Week in Science Podcast (TWIS)

September 18th, 2015

Another Hominid?, Oats For Paleos!, Global Oceans, Viral Babies, Panda Upside, Caterpillar Poop, Monogamy And Bird Love, Pheromoned Fruit Flies, Ultrasound For Brains, Basque Links, Cholesterol Trouble, Colliding Black Holes, School Lunch Redux, Prothesis With Feeling, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer
Science is wrong!
Well, not wrong so much as, perhaps woefully incomplete…
And by woefully I maybe should have said enjoyably…
Yes science is enjoyably incomplete.
If we knew it all, if all mysteries that could be solved had been solved,
then what a boring world it would be…
So boring in fact that its inhabitants could only be
dullards content with a world where knowledge never changes…
or mad men, who’s questioning nature has driven them to delusion,
frustrated that every question has an answer, giving them nothing interesting
to think about…
Maybe I should have said thankfully…
Yes, thankfully science is incomplete…
And there are so many avenues of scientific inquiry left to drive down…
Even when we make a wrong turn, we might enjoy a discovery
or two…
And while scientific discoveries don’t just fall from the sky
They sometimes do…
Like a meteor fragment, or a neutrino from a distant star…
Other times we must climb, crawl and dig our way to new knowledge
Like a new dinosaur fossil… or a new species of human
recently discovered that…
Wait… another new species of human was discovered?
Thankfully it’s time for This Week in Science
Coming up next…

Another Hominid For the Tree
In a deep, hard to reach cave in Africa, the bones of a new hominid species and potential human ancestor have been found.

Oats For Paleos!
Evidence of oat and grain processing during Paleolithic times suggests that the Paleo diet did consist in part of these starchy foods.

Global Oceans
The Saturnian moon Enceladus holds a vast ocean beneath its frozen surface separating the crust from the core.

Babies go viral…
Lots of viruses on and in newborns. Who knew? But, why?

The other upside of Panda conservation
Protection of other species!!!

Catepillar poop fools plants
The poop, or “frass,” tricks the plant into thinking it is being attacked by a fungus, not eaten, and thus the pesky insect can feast on the now defenseless plant.

Pheromones – they’re not just for attraction anymore.
It turns out that the genes related to pheremone production in fruit flies are also related to fertility. What’s more, when their pheremones are not acting as they should, all flies in the area have lower fertility. Competition is required to have babies, so it seems…

Secret to penguins’ success with monogamy: Lots and lots of alone time.
Rockhopper penguins have successful monogamous pairings due in part to the fact that they spend 3/4 of the year apart. Sounds like these penguins don’t get lonely!

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Ultrasound For Brains
Devising a method similar to optogenetics, where nerves are stimulated by light, scientists have used ultrasound to stimulate the nerves in a simple flatworm. Could this method be used to stimulate deep structures in the human brain?

Where did the Basque people come from?
Ancient genomes link early farmers to Basques.

Cholesterol And The Brain
A new target for Alzheimer’s disease research has been discovered. Based on recent mouse trials, human trials are proposed to retrovirally infect sufferers with a gene to increase production of an enzyme that breaks down cholesterol into a form that can be removed from a brain.

Let the school lunch drama continue – kids need longer lunch periods!
Students given at least 25 minutes to sit and eat (after traveling to the cafeteria, waiting in line, and rushing through to get time to play) consume more healthy foods and less garbage foods. Longer lunches, people!!

When black holes collide
Astronomers are observing two black holes slowly collide. In the process, they are producing what appears to be an oscillating quasar as they orbit around one another into oblivioun. Expected impact in 100,000 years.

Prosthesis With Feeling
DARPA research has shown that sensory information from a prosthetic hand can be conveyed back to the sensory cortex of the brain to provide useful information to the user.

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09 September, 2015 – Episode 531 – This Week in Science (TWIS)

September 11th, 2015

Far Away Galaxies, Common Structures, Magnetic Wormholes, Golden Science, Metal-Eating Microbes, Froggy Love Songs, Froggy Sex Mess, New Reef discovery, Midwife Magic, Baby Brains, Monkey Brains, Sisters For Rhinos, Irreproducible Results, Life Makes Clouds, Life Kills Life, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer…
The world of man is a world of bias…
Be it racial, gender, political, body type, age, height,
birth nation or religious affiliation…
Bias abounds… and as the new NFL season approaches,
it’s peak bias season for the world of Football
And in football we can see clearly the bias of hope
that comes with rooting for the home team.
32 teams begin to do battle this week…
Each will play 16 games in their attempt to be the best.
No matter how well one team does, or how poorly another performs.
The league average will be 8 wins and 8 losses… a tie or two doesn’t change that much.
That’s just how math works, the NFL is no exception.
And yet, collective polling across the sport found home team
fans predicting an average of nearly 10 wins per team.
Journalists assigned to certain teams faired a little better
at about 9 wins per team…
Either way the sports fans and the experts are bound to be
at least a little disappointed on average…
But in science we seek to find answers unbiased by man…
The scientific method is designed to allow us to see a world
simply as it is…
As complicated as that can get…
In labs around the world, results are only as good as their
methods and methods are only as ggod as their execution… in science, it’s the
system, not the team or individual players that matter…
That is until game day… when research results light up the
TWIS-o-Tron, the fans go wild and a cheerleader starts a chant of…
This Week In Science…
Coming up next.

Far Away Galaxies
500 million years after the Big Bang, there were possibly 10 times as many primordial galaxies previously estimated, according to a new analysis of light from the Hubble telescope.

Common Structures
An analysis of protein interactions has found common structure and interactions across species for over 1000 proteins, showing the common blueprint for all kinds of structures.

Magnetic Wormholes
So, they aren’t really wormholes, but rather devices wherein the path between magnetic monopoles is magnetically undetectable.

Science is golden…
New use for gold in discovering pathogenic dna

Metal Eating microbes = life on earth?

Froggy Love is Complicated
Female tungara frogs know what they like, and have no problem evaluating which suitor is best. Until, that is, you give them a choice between 3 instead of 2. Suddenly they do not pick the best option – but why?!

Female Frogs on the Upturn
Feminization of frogs isn’t just in industrial areas, they also seem to be on the rise in areas with suburban gardens, meaning their endocrine system may be way more sensitive than we thought

Newly discovered reef rivals great barrier
This new reef could have a greater biodiversity than the famous Great Barrier Reef – which just proves what wonders still wait to be discovered in the deep blue…

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The value of midwifery
C-Section rates drop when midwives are made available.

Baby Brains
Recording from baby heads, scientists find that different areas of the motor and ensory cortex are activated by touch, movement, and viewing of others.

Monkey Brains
Researchers found evidence that the macaque brain is set up to connect face-detecting brain areas with other information and emotion processing areas, suggesting that the human ability to infer emotions goes way back.

Sisters are doing it on their own… For rhinos!
Mostly female anti-poaching unit wins UN environmental prize

Reproducing results of climate change denier studies…
It doesn’t work.

Ocean Cloud Life
Photosynthetic organisms in the oceans release compounds into the atmosphere that cause cloud formation.

Critters Created Catastrophe
The burst of life during the Cambrian explosion possibly gave rise to the first mass extinction the world saw with the death of the Ediacarians.

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02 September, 2015 – Episode 530 – This Week in Science (TWIS)

September 4th, 2015

Psychology Studies Repeated, Drop CO2 Cuz It’s Hot, CO@ Gas?, Wyoming Crocs?, Seahorse Mommy-Daddy, Self- Medicating Bees, Visualizing Echolocation, Radioactive Coal Ash, Runner’s No-Fat High, Fat And Guts, Bronze Age Brass, Biological Potential, Get Some Sleep!, And Much More…

Disclaimer disclaimer disclaimer!

It’s time for a dose of reality. For millennia, humans have searched for the answers to life’s eternal questions, and I have one of them right here. Why are humans different from other forms of life on this planet?

The answers have been varied over the centuries; some philosophers pointed to our creation and appreciation of art, others our conscience, and yet more said it was our use of language, or our superior intellect.

And time and time again, science has shined a light on the natural world, and then back at humankind, and shown how perhaps we are not so superior; perhaps we are not so different. Art? elephants can create artwork, and show preference for some pieces over others. Conscience? Many social animals protect each other and act selflessly; rats will rescue friends in peril, while monkeys will share food when they receive no reward. Language? Birds build songs just as we use words, and one african grey had a larger lexicon than most of us. The last bastion was our intellect – we, certainly have greater brain power than the beasts that roam the wild!

But, as we discovered last week, certain monkeys can master fractions, better than many of us ever will. Fractions, people! So what is it? What do we have that the others do not? What makes us special? Are we even special? One thing stands between us and the wild. One thing has brought us our modern conveniences, our technologies, our complex societies, our medicines, and even our view of ourselves – the same thing that has also been used to prove we are not so dissimilar – SCIENCE. Science has taught us how much the same we all are, and in turn has set us apart. We do science, we live science, and we talk science… On This Week in Science, coming up next!!

Psychology Studies Repeated
In the Center for Open Science’s massive effort to replicate 100 psychology experiments, the results are in… and fewer than half of the studies could be repeated successfully. The results suggest that replication should be more of a focus in science, and that no single study should be taken as the last word on anything.

Drop CO2 Cuz It’s Hot
A new estimate of future temperatures and CO2 levels using more complicated computer climate models than were utilized for the IPCC report (i.e. taking more variables into account) suggests that climate will continue to warm longer than expected even if we reduce CO2 emissions as prescribed.

Tracking crocodiles in Wyoming and Canada
Yes, crocodiles. Yes, that kind of crocodile. Yes, Wyoming and Canada… yes that Canada… all thanks to a potential blanket of clouds.

CO2 into natural gas?
A new cheap and efficient method of turning waste CO2 into natural gas using solar energy looks promising for long-term energy needs.

Seahorses and humans have something in common, and it’s pregnancy
New research shows that what male seahorses and female humans provide for their babies during pregnancy is actually very similar, adding something new to the list of “convergent traits.”

Self-medicating bees
Bees infected with parasites favor a certain compound found in some of their favorite flowers, essentially self-administering medicine.

Echolocation seen clearly
Bats have given us a little bit of a better idea on how echolocation works – they play to their strengths, and avoid the areas they’re not great at “seeing.”

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Coal might make you glow
Radioactive coal ash is currently unregulated, and a new study suggests that those coal ash waste ponds might be even more dangerous than we thought.

Runner’s No-Fat High
Turns out low levels of leptin, which is produced by fat cells, might be the driving force behind the Runner’s High. It’s not a high, your body just wants you to go find food.

Fat And Guts
Mice fed a lard-based diet gained more weight than controls fed a fish oil diet, and showed signs of inflammation and metabolic disease. Microbes seem to hold the key to this metabolic disaster.

Bronze age brass gets 3-d printering job
No butts about it… the irish were musical folks.

Blueberry Beats Biofilm
An analysis of blueberry extract as a therapeutic agent against periodontal disease causing bacteria demonstrated significant antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.

Wasps Against Cancer
Wasp venom contains a compound that is a potent destroyer of tumor cells. Turns out that the effect depends on a strange conformation of the tumor cell membrane that differentiates them from normal cells.

Pthalate Association
While only an association, scientists have detected a correlation between pthalate blood levels and risk of miscarriage.

We’re in the wrong galaxy…
Ellipticals are probably better for fostering life.

Jurassic National Park
We are for it!

Timing of sleep just as important as the amount
Mice who got plenty of sleep, but at an unusual time, had more trouble fighting off illness. Yet another reason to pay shift workers more…

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26 August, 2015 – Episode 529 – This Week in Science

August 27th, 2015

One Jab To Rule, Evolution And Vaccines, No Omega-3 Benefits, Skydiving Spiders, Pestering Guppies, Monkey Brains for Fractions, Fusion Power Headway?, Hawking Information, Kids Lunch, Mendelian MS + D, Female Viagra Approved!, And Much More…

Disclaimer, disclaimer, disclaimer…
You’ve come a long way, baby. On a summer’s eve, no less…
And, yes, ladies, I’m talking to you.
From once being told we could only be mothers, or teachers, or secretaries.
Or, being told to mind our p’s and q’s.
From cinching corsets tightly almost every nightly
And, pinching cheeks to blush
in the hopes that a dashing young man would sweep us off our feet.
And, yes, that was why we went to college in the first place.
Now, we get to have desire.
Thank you FDA for making female desire ok.
Thanks you for validating a lifetime of orgasms of the female persuasion.
We were waiting for you.
But, not really, you sillies.
We are scientists.
We are managers of our own lives.
We will desire where and when we please,
And, without a black box warning if so we choose.
We will educate ourselves.
And, the next generation
to be stronger and wiser than you ever expected from the weaker sex.
Hats off to you, ladies of the world,
on this Women’s Equality Day.
We have faith that you will do more
and live better than you ever thought you could
with or without the female viagra
Here on This Week in Science
Coming up next…

One Jab To Rule
The universal flu vaccine is on its way. Two papers this week report different methods of creating a vaccine using an important and relatively unvariable protein from the H1N1 flu virus strain. Both were 100% effective in protecting mice from the deadly and distantly related H5N1 strain.

Evolution And Vaccines
But, what happens when vaccines are not 100% effective? A recent analysis suggests that imperfect vaccines that allow for disease transmission from vaccinated yet infected hosts promote evolutionary responses that could eventually render those vaccines useless.

No Omega-3 Benefits
A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found absolutely no benefit from taking fish-derived omega-3 supplements on aging-related cognitive health.

Monkeys have an innate sense for fractions… Unlike your third-grader…
Monkeys can easily identify fractions and compare them, even with mixed denominators. Now how can we get our human children to understand?!

Skydiving spiders
Need I say more? These spiders can steer to their home tree when in free-fall. I am never going to Peru.

Pestering guppy men help females tone muscle
Male guppies that gave females a hard time actually forced them to build up the muscles and endurance to outswim them later in life. Now there’s a whole new reason to go to the gym!

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Fusion Power Headway?
As reported by Science’s News portal, a company called Tri-Alpha Energy has succeeded in creating a device to contain plasma using a field-reversed configuration for 5msecs with no deterioration. Their goal is to increase the temperature and power input to succeed in creating hydrogen-boron fusion. They have their work cut out for them, but seem to be ahead of the startup pack.

Hawking Information
Stephen Hawking says he has solved the information paradox of black holes. He posits information is stored as a hologram of material that has entered the black hole at its event horizon. As photons escape they randomly transfer some of that information back into the universe. Information escapes, it’s just totally and completely useless to us.

NEWS FLASH: Children hate fruits and veggies
Despite requirements for students to pick up fruit or veggie items from the lunch line, the majority of those items end up in the trash before the students even sit down at the lunch table. So, how do we get them to eat their broccoli?!

Mendelian MS + D
Researchers have linked genetic susceptibility to low vitamin D levels to one’s risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS).

Female Viagra Approved!
With a black box warning… don’t drink and desire.

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19 August, 2015 – Episode 528 -This Week in Science (TWIS)

August 24th, 2015

The Drinkable Book, DNA Data Storage, Lice Resistance, Ancient Bone Tales, Brainy Mice, Glowing Lizards!, Sperm For Life!, Gut Bacterial Blindness?, Glass Paint, Sweetgrass Solution, New Alcoholism Drugs, One Scan Rules, Freshening Football Helmets, Wiki Science Trolls, Meteoric Life, And Much More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer
For all of our achievements throughout the history of mankind
We now truly live in our most advanced age of scientific understanding.
This statement has been true somewhere in the world for most our history
With some regress allowed for the dark ages when
the fall of Rome was followed by a momentous loss
of the scientific and engineering knowledge of pagan scientists…
But even then, scientific inquiry continued,
lost knowledge was regained,
and scientific progress continued…
in starts and fits we pursued knowledge.
Sometimes at the personal political risk of the pursuer…
Often with great benefit to quality of life,
and always with new challenges for society to adjust to.
We’ve come a long way from that first stone picked up off
the African tundra and knapped into a working tool…
That is, if it was us at all…
In fact, it most certainly was not…
for now, in our most advanced age of scientific achievements
it is beginning to become clear that perhaps…
it was not us who invented the first stone tool after all…
That perhaps when the first ancestor of man picked a stone up off the African plains…
He did so because of the curious knapping he saw about its sharpened edge…
An artifact of an age of understanding that preceded us…
More on that ahead as we head into another episode of…
This Week in Science…
Coming up Next

The Drinkable Book
Chemists have created a book with pages doped with silver and copper nanoparticles that can purify 4 years worth of water for one person.

DNA Data Storage
Researchers are working on a way to not only save data for thousands of years using DNA, but to also make it searchable.

Lice Resistance
Lice populations in 25 states have developed resistance to the common incecticide used in over the counter treatments.

Ancient bones telling tales…
Markings on 3.8 million year old bones have been revealed to be from stone tools making the emergence of tools within the age of Australopithecus, rather than Homo sapiens, much more likely.

Brainy Mice
In lab tests on mice, an enzyme called PDB4E was linked to improved memory and decreased anxiety. If it works in a similar manner in humans, if could be used to treat anxiety disorders and PTSD.

Great Glowing Geckos, Batman! (I mean, anoles…)
The shady areas of a vibrant forest become “visually noisy,” but translucent neckflaps, or dewlaps, help cut through it all and attract the “ladies.”

Stored sperm gives species hope
Black-footed ferret sperm from a 20-year-long dead ferret has successfully injected the captive population with new genetic material. Should we keep a store of endangered species’ sperm for safe-keeping?

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Gut Bacterial Blindness?
Do bacteria in the gut activate an immune response that can cause blindness in the eyes? It is very possible.

Glass Paint
Will paint made of glass reduce heat absorption on roofs, automobiles, and playgrounds?

Sweetgrass Solution
Turns out that sweetgrass contains known mosquito repellents, and performs at least as well as DEET in repelling the biting insects.

New Alcoholism Drugs
A new class of drugs, called beta-carbolines, show promise in rat studies for treating alcoholism.

One Scan Rules
Often finding blood clots within the body takes several scans using multiple different methods. A new technique tested in rats has the potential to make only one scan necessary.

Football Helmet Protection
Will a new chemical strip be enough to indicate damage to the head?

Football Brains
Research suggests that high school football player’s brains may not recover from concussions between season, and potentially lead to damaging repercussions.

Googling Wikipedia science trolls
Don’t trust the more controversial Wikipedia entries, they are edited often and not accurately.

Meteoric Impact!
The building blocks of life (the nucleotides that make up DNA) may have been produced by a meteoric impact.

Irisin Redux
Irisin, a molecule purported to be responsible for metabolic increases after exercise, has had its ups and downs. Most recently, however, researchers used atomic methods to prove its presence in blood samples. The question now is what its presence means.

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12 August, 2015 – Episode 527 – This Week in Science

August 14th, 2015

Dying Light, Neutrinos Caught Oscillating, Octopus Genes!, T.Gondii Check, Lettuce In Spaaaace…, Tapeworm Memory, Venomous Frog, Zebra Stripes, Bionic Eye Limits, Wind Power!, Reviving Ancient Viruses, Standard Model Upheld, Brown Fat Burn, And More…

Disclaimer Disclaimer Disclaimer!
The following hour of programming is constantly on the
lookout for new science stories…
Stories that let us have peeks into our past
Stories that let us have glimpses into the future of technology
Stories that let us better know the biological foundations of life
Stories that let us grow in our understanding of space
And sometimes, just stories about lettuce…
Like the following words recently uttered aboard the
international space station…
“That’s awesome!” said one
“Tastes Good…” said another
“Kind of like arugula”
And with these words mankind enters the Space age of Farming…
Or is it the Farming age of Space?
Thanks to red romaine lettuce grown from seed to table in space,
fresh veggies on long manned missions has now become viable
Ready or not, the breakthrough age of transformative
scientific advances is upon us…
And our current research has growing implications for how far we can go
The path ahead is filled with stories like this one…
Let us be your guide
here on this week in science
coming up next

Dying Light
An analysis of light energy from over 200,000 galaxies by the GAMA project has determined that galaxies are giving off less energy now than they did 2 billion years ago. This finding suggests that the universe is on its way to a cold, lightless end.

Neutrinos Caught Oscillating
The NOvA experiment at FermiLab has detected the oscillation of neutrinos, which suggests that the experiment may succeed in measuring the mass of neutrinos where others have not.

Octopus Genes!
The octopus genome has been sequenced, and octopuses have lots of different and expanded genes that researchers think are related to camophlage and intelligence.

Lettuce in Spaaaace…
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station enjoyed a meal of fresh lettuce leaves that were actually grown in space.

T.Gondii gets the check
The Achilles heel of T. gondii may have been discovered. Scientists now have a molecular target that could result in the development of drugs to treat infection by the parasite.

World’s first venomous frog discovered, and we should be terrified…
Scientists discovered the first venomous (not poisonous) frog, amidst agonizing pain, in Brazil

Tapeworms may help with memory loss
Tapeworms may prepare your body for other threats, essentially safeguarding your precious memories (or at least, it did with rats).

Stripes may not be as dazzling as we thought
A study using videogames found that stripes were not effective in confusing the player amongst targets without them.

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Bionic Eye Limits
An analysis of possible vision scenarios for people getting bionic eye implants suggests that vision will not be anywhere near normal, and that much work needs to be done to achieve even normal vision.

Wind Power to the people…
Wind power is up and the cost is down in the US.

Bird migration mystery
Radio tracking of birds has discovered that they fly a more complicated path through the night sky than had been thought. Understanding how birds move through the sky can help us plan more bird-safe constructions and activities.

Reviving Ancient Viruses
It’s not sci-fi, it’s science. Researchers computationally derived an ancient adenovirus ancestor that could be used to infect body cells for therapeutic retroviral reprogramming.

Woodpecker lookalikes not relatives
Biologists discover certain woodpecker species that appear very similar to others are actually very distant relatives, simply mimicking their cousins so as to avoid being bullied.

Research finds new way to study species
Just ask the locals… When a species lacks the mass appeal of a tiger or a panda, the IUCN may be able to assess their population by careful surveying of the local population.

Standard Model Upheld… Again
A comparison of antiprotons and protons finds that they have the same mass just as predicted by the standard model.

Brown Fat Burn
White fat cells from burn victims are more likely to convert into fat burning brown fat cells, which makes us wonder why trauma is necessary.


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