15 August, 2018 – Episode 683 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

August 16th, 2018

Leaky Gut Fights, Magnetic Fish, Mummy Knows Best, WiFi Safety, Sneaky Cuckoos, Wing Sniffers, Bipedal Bones, Bad Hot Work, Man’s War, The Drunchies, And Much More…

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What do we have here?
One wonderful planet that’s what.
That’s what we’ve got here folks.
And while there are plenty of other things to complain about,
the planet really isn’t one of them.
It’s just great.
What’s so great about it you ask?
Why, You!
You are what is so great about this planet.
You are on the planet and it wouldn’t be the same without you.
You with the inquisitive mind.
You with a taste for science-y things.
You with your big brain and bottomless appetite for knowledge.
Why if it wasn’t for you, we wouldn’t even be here right now!
And if we weren’t here right now then you wouldn’t be about to enjoy another episode of
This Week In Science
Coming Up Next

Fighting could give you a leaky gut
So kiss and make up, it’s better for you.

Science: Making you Safer w/WiFi
That router in the corner could be doing more than allowing you to snapchat in a crowded venue – it could be scanning for dangerous weapons as well!

Magnetic Fish?
Catish have a gene that enables them to sense electromagnetic fields.

Mummy provides evidence of persistence of knowledge
Mummification process was practiced for a very long time.

Cuckoo brings sneakery to a new low.
These birds not only parasitize the parental care of other birds, they have specialized in the size and shape of their eggs to improve their deception. Wow, they really don’t want to care for their babies, do they??

Nice to sniff you.
Fly wings might be for more than bugging you – they might help bugs to smell you more effectively!

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“You get a lot of What Has Science one For Me stories about modern medicine saving someone’s life. While I do have a story like that – with the twist that my life was saved from complications following an earlier procedure to save my life – that’s not what I want to talk about.

I have been a science enthusiast since I was a child. I remember viewing Saturn through a neighbor’s telescope when I was five years old. Among my favorite toys were a Gilbert chemistry set I used to destroy test tubes, and a microscope I used to look at pond water.

Though I did not pursue a STEM career, I have remained a fan of science as an adult. I read about particle physics for fun. I check science news websites daily, watch science and nature videos and listen to podcasts like TWIS.

For work, I make high-end musical instruments. Specifically, flutes made mostly of silver and gold. Though the basic acoustical science of how a flute makes sound was worked out a couple of centuries ago, there is an endless variety of alloys and materials to try; different construction techniques and tools; small tweaks and even major modifications we can make to the instruments, each contributing some subtle – or not so subtle – quality to their sound.

A science-inspired approach to carefully testing and evaluating all of these possible variables helps me understand how to make the best instruments possible, and where to look to improve them even further.

I simply would not see the world the same way without my love for science and respect for the scientific method. What science has done for me lately, as it has done for me all of my life, is it has made me me.

Oh, yeah, and it also saved me from appendicitis and peritonitis a few years ago.”
–Captain Damage

Walking on two legs
Apparently it was a thing before we thought it was a thing.

Nobody wants to work in the heat
Public servants are less effective at their essential duties in the heat, which raises concerns in our warming world.

War… it’s a man thing
That men are more often involved in war could be a thing of chance.

Why does being drunk make me eat like garbage? And what does that mean for me, later?

That four loco lifestyle
Mixing energy drinks with alcohol may be more of a “monster” than we even thought…

Mr. Stubbs the tail-less alligator!
3D printing and prosthesis technology allowed caregivers in Phoenix to give an alligator without a tail a new lease on terror. I mean life…

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08 August, 2018 – Episode 682 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

August 9th, 2018

Interview on Crows w/ Kaeli Swift, Star Light Explosion, Safety In Numbers, Koala Junk, Blinded By Blues, Viking Walrus Ivory, Prozac Nature, Bee Youthful, Little Dog Complex, Exercise And Cocaine, 44 New Planets, And Much More…

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Everyone has opinions…
but not everyone forms them in a trustworthy manner.
There are several things to keep in mind before having an opinion:
1) Are there facts supporting my opinion?
2) Other peoples opinions are not facts, and therefore cannot be used to support my opinion
3) If other people have this opinion, where did they get it?
4) Why do so many or so few people share this opinion?
5) Why do I have/ or want to have this opinion?
6) Is there a reason that me having this opinion is useful to somebody who is not me?
7) Understand that regardless of how well researched an opinion is, it could still be wrong.
Despite the fact that most of the opinions we currently hold could possibly be wrong…
There is a method of fact gathering that allows for a high success rate in opinion forming.
The scientific method.
Yes, there are those that are of the opinion that science is biased,
and they are right!
Because in science, opinions don’t matter at all…
not in the least.
The scientific method is heavily biased against opinions,
and in favor of facts.
So if your opinions are based on science,
they are based on a method that has filtered out incorrect opinions
before you even got around to forming one of your own,
and what’s more…
Your opinion could still be wrong,
but much less wrong than if you had started your opinion forming anywhere else…
And as always,
the very best place to start forming opinions about anything is…
This Week in Science…
Coming up Next!

Interview with Kaeli Swift
Kaeli Swift is a PhD candidate at the School of Environmental and Forest Sciences at the University of Washington. She studies thanatology of crows.

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“Hi! Here is my “What Has Science Done for Me…Lately?” entry:

I love dogs and I have a pack of dogs living with me and my kids. One of the wonderful things about science are all of the amazing types of medicine we have developed for our furry friends. There are vaccinations, pest control and more. Also, the fact that dogs are one species and so different from one another in size, color, furriness, etc, always blows my mind. I enjoy thinking about how they’ve been with us for so long (as scientists discovered by looking at the genetic clock) and how we’ve most likely influenced each others’ lives. Taking my dogs to the vet means that I get to spend even more quality time with my canines. ?

Thanks for your awesome show! I love what each of you brings and how you have unique voices and perspectives!
–Susan Barnum”

Star Light Explosion
A mass ejection has been seen on another star for the first time!

Safety In Numbers
Gut viruses travel in packs in membrane-bound vesicles for success.

Koala Junk
Will retroviral DNA in koalas teach us about our own genome?

Blinded by the blues
Blue light damages eyes in a way that actively causes macrodegeneration.

Ivory trade
Vikings of Greenland dominated the ivory trade according to walrus tusk remains.

Nobody likes a depressed starling
Male starlings sing less and are more agressive to females who have been accidentally filled with antidrepressants. What does this
mean for birds, and us?

The fountain of youth might “bee” real
And it has something to do with bee poop, royal jelly, and our own microbiome.

Small dogs and their “little” complexes
Small dogs lift their legs higher to mark trees and walls like a bigger dog might. Don’t worry little bichon, you be you!

Exercise Beats Cocaine
In stressed out rats.

Boom – 44 new planets

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01 August, 2018 – Episode 681 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

August 2nd, 2018

Stress Monkeys, Smashing Atoms, Science Says, Pyramid Power?, Biome Battlefield, Great Self-Control, Father’s Influence, Bioengineered Lungs, Bones About It, Opioid Increases, Drugged Cicada Butts, And Much More…

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When the world hands you lemons…
Make lemon aid…
Or you could polish aluminum
Or lighten aging spots if you got them
Or sanitize a cut
Or counteract an itch
Or deodorize your cat litter with shredded peels
Or squeeze the juice out onto your dirty old sneakers to give them new life
Or gargle lemon juice to enjoy fresh lemony breath
Or use the peels to ward off ants where they have been sneaking into the house
Or make a battery out of them that illuminates a led light bulb to amaze your friends
Or learn to juggle them and make your friends jealous of your new found skill
Or fashion them into ear muffs… just because you’ve got so many lemons, why not
Or remove all the seeds and plant them in the ground so that one day you will have many lemons trees
Producing thousands of lemons that you can hand out to strangers while telling them all the wonderful things you can do with lemons…
when life hands you lemons
You can forget all about lemons,
and tune into…
This Week in Science
Coming up next…

Stress Monkeys
Anxiety is passed from generation to generation in monkeys.

Smashing Atoms
Atoms are being smashed in the LHC!

Science Says
Who to believe? Science or Elon Musk?

Pyramid Power?
Do the Great Pyramids hold the structural secrets for nanoparticles?

Biome Battlefield
There is a battlefield beneath your feet…

Great tits have great self-control.
Do you think they could pass up the office snacks? Science points to yes. Is that why they’re “great?”

Dad has an influence on mom, even when he’s away.
A father’s genes control (or influence?) a mother’s behavior through the placenta – pretty sneaky, bro!

Support us on Patreon!

This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“Science has helped my cat stay if not happy (he’s a cat, he lives in wooh – self-pity), healthy. He’s had his fleas taken care of and been put on a special diet to reduce his PH in his urine. I’m looking to adopt a young kitten that will need to be de-wormed, and science will help future cats live much longer live, so they can tell us their thoughts and complaints for years to come.”
–Vanja Anderson

Bioengineered Lungs
Transplants in pigs successful… will people be next?

Bones About It
Looks like all the tissue types to create bones were around and about before vertebrates were a thing.

Opioids Are Up
The crisis continues to worsen.

Drugged Cicada Butts
A fungus drugs cicadas with psilocibin and amphetamine to get them to drop their spores all over the places ignoring the fact that their butts are falling off.

Science Advisor?
Trump might have picked a really good one.

No, spiders don’t appear to be colorblind

Extremes Are Bad
Drink up! In moderation.

Black Hole Sun
Einstein proven right again.

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25 July, 2018 – Episode 680 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

July 26th, 2018

Water On Mars, Overcoming CRISPR, Bacteria Can Talk, Uncontroversial Conservation, Bigger Climate Spiders, Brainy Discovery, Finding A Fungus, Better Beer, Candida Confusion, Manga-Bey Behavior, Adaptive Anoles, And Much More…

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Despite any evidence you may have heard to the contrary
(Though hopefully you have heard none)
You are one of the most important earthlings in the history of planet earth
Yes there have been a lot of earthlings throughout history
For me to compare you to all of them in order come to this conclusion may seem daunting
And Yes it is possible that my lack of direct knowledge of who you are
makes this determination dubious at worst
I stand by the assessment because the following is certainly true:
1) We live in an age where idle minded activities are easily available everywhere
2) We live in an age where time is money, the baby needs a new iphone, and the rent was due yesterday
3) We live in an age where people can choose how educated they want to be, or how ignorant they would prefer to remain
4) You have passed on idle mindedness, to take valuable time out of your day to add to your knowledge…
5) People who do that are always the most important earthlings the planet has produced
6) If not for earthlings like you, if we ever should lose those with the desire to seek knowledge,
The earth that would follow your in absence would be such a thing of such horror as to plunge a planet into darkness and despair…
A living nightmare of endless lies
Endless arguments made with great confidence yet out of utter ignorance
Endless propaganda, Endless war
George Orwell’s vision of a boot stomping on a human face forever…
That’s the world without you, and why you are one of the most important humans ever to breathe the earthling atmosphere.
So thank you. Keep up the good work.
As a reward for your efforts, here’s another episode of This Week in Science
Coming Up Next…

Water On Mars
A massive underground aquifer has been detected on Mars. The hypothesis s that it is full of liquid water.

Overcoming CRISPR
Bacteria and viruses are locked in a fascinating evolutionary battle that will influence our medical therapies.

Bacteria can talk…
To each other in a really interesting way.

The Endangered Species Act isn’t so controversial after all…
Despite campaigns to make it sound like a complicated topic, the Endangered Species Act is widely and universally accepted and supported in the USA. So why are people who are supposed to “represent” the public trying to slash it?

A Warming World makes Bigger Spiders
But that might actually be a good thing…?

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“Hello Dr Kiki, Justin, and Blair. I have been all over the place on trying to decide what to write here! Science has impacted my life and the world in a million ways every day. The more I thought about it the more this task became daunting. However, there is one very specific thing that science has done for me that I would be remiss to not talk about.

In February 2014 I had finally finished school with my very hard-won B.S. in Environmental Science. The world was my oyster, and I was going to go protect it with everything I had in my arsenal. I was on top of the world.

April rolled around, and I went into the emergency room with a severe headache and eye pain. I mean this sucker was painful! After many MRI’s and 2 days of the most awful anxiety I had ever felt I was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis. From that day on my healthy life style took a sever nose dive. I was depressed, in pain, my balance was absolutely awful, and I even started to lose normal function in my fingers for a while. My life as I knew it was irreversibly altered.

Now, this isn’t a sad story. While yes, I have had my ups and downs, and it has been a learning process. I have had to relearn my body and its capabilities. I still struggle sometimes but the great things is I have Science in my corner!

Through science we are learning even more about this. Ten years from now we may have better ways to treat MS. Twenty years from now we may even have a cure.

So, what has science done for me lately? It has given me hope. Just like it gives millions of people hope for a future where they can feel like the world is once again their oyster.

Thank you,
Jacqueline Boyster”

Keeping your brain longer
Might have to do with waste removal.

Finding A Fungus
The Eisen lab was searching for a fungus, but found something much more interesting.

Better Beer through Science
We can make the barley our own.

Candida Confusion
Genetic analyses has once and for all determined that what scientists thought were separate species is actually one in the same… just at different life stages.

Either men are liars,
or gay men are having all the fun…

Adaptive Anoles
Hurricanes in the Carribean have impacted anole populations in a measurable way.

Mangabeys? More like sneakabey… ammiright???
Monkeys steal cracked nuts from chimps and hogs, despite the fact that chimps will sometimes eat monkeys. Now that’s a risky meal!!

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18 July, 2018 – Episode 679 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

July 19th, 2018

New Moons, New Volcano, Carbon Tax, Old Bread, Electric Spider Balloons, Animals That Wait, Lantern Lights, Gut And Autism, Secular Economics, Diamond Earth, Koala Tongues, Microbe Chips, Grabby Robot, Not An Alien, And Much More…

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The fast approaching future will be here in no time at all…
In fact,
there it was,
racing past us…
Always, we have decisions to make…
On the one hand,
there are the many things we ought to get done…
Daily lists of responsibilities what always need doin’
On the other hand,
four fingers and a thumb likely grasping a mobile type device and seeking idle distraction…
In the back and forth between mindless tasks and mindless distractions…
It can sometimes become a mystery why we need a mind at all.
I’m not saying it’s our fault,
no it certainly isn’t our fault…
I’m blaming you.
And you should too.
Because you of all people know
that there is always something productive you can be doing
to keep your mind active and engaged in the world around you…
In fact you’re doing it right now
By tuning into This Week in Science,
Coming Up Next…

New Moons
10 more moons have been discovered around Jupiter bringing the total to 69.

New Volcano
Jupiter’s moon Io also gets a new volcano according to a recent scan by NASA spacecraft Juno.

Carbon Tax
The Stanford Energy Modeling Forum estimates that it will be beneficial to the economy overall to implement a carbon tax and to phase out coal-based power.

How old’s that bread?
Thousands of years older than agriculture itself.

Spider Ballooning – it’s electric!
A new study suggests spiders don’t just use the wind to travel through the air, and they may not need wind at all…

Well, I’ve waited this long…
It turns out we aren’t the only ones who will stick with a bad decision due to “time invested.” Yet another way we aren’t special – sorry!

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“A science poem

What brings forth our lights in the darkest night?
What gives microscopic sight and man flight?

How do we cure a disease we can’t see?
Or break away free from earths gravity?

Through trials and hardship we test and we test.
All for the sake of mankind’s progress.

Thanks be to science for all that you offer.
From vaccines, to planes, and of course the dish washer!
–Travus Alexander Leroux”

Caught in the act!
Evolution under the sea…

Gut And Autism
A link between the gut an autism symptoms has been speculated for years, and a recent study adds more weight to the idea.

Secularism is good for the economy
According to science, anyway…

Diamond Earth
A new analysis of the crust and upper mantle of Earth using sound waves estimates that there are up to a quadrillion tons of diamonds hiding below the surface.

Koala Tongues
Despite a limited diet, koalas may have quite the refined palate.

Microbe Chips
A gene sequencing microchip might be the answer for doctors figuring out when to prescribe antibiotics.

Grabby Robot
A new robot designed to grab and study soft-bodied sea organisms was described this week.

Not an alien
Just a little mummified child.

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11 July, 2018 – Episode 678 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

July 12th, 2018

Driving Genes, Fixing CRISPR, Ancient Chinese Secret, Dark Matter Hunt, Longer Native Story, Dogs Of America, Snorting Horses, Better Brains, Oxygen Teeter Totter, African Origins, Asteroidal Planetoids, HIV Vaccine, And Much More…

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The following program is has been constructed entirely out of scientific materials.
No corporate, industry, government, philosophy, religion or other special interest lobbying effort was involved in its creation.
Sponsorship of the show is generated by a community of its listeners who have no control over the content.
The hosts themselves have only the vaguest recollection of volunteering to be hosts, and were not selected to do so by anyone but themselves.
None of them need your vote, your money, your trust or your time and you will not need to click agree to any form of end user agreement in order to enjoy the content.
The stories you will hear are real accounts from the publications of lab and field notes of scientists engaged in research and discovery.
The only filters between you and the subject matters discussed are the education of the experts generating the information, and the cadences of the hosts delivery in relating that information to you.
If at any point while listening you begin to think too freely, feel free to find a more conventional format of public consumption upon which to dull your senses.
For we have no time for that sort of nonsense here on…
This week in Science, coming up next.

Driving Genes
A research team from UCSD reported the first demonstration of successful gene drive in mammals.
Chemists might have discovered why CRISPR makes mistakes.

Ancient Chinese secret…
Human ancestors might have lived in Asia far earlier than previously assumed.

Dark Matter Hunt
A scientist wants to look at minerals to find dark matter traces.

Ever more evidence for a longer native American history
Ancient tools suggest humans were active in the Americas up to 16,000 years ago.

Dogs Of America
They weren’t from America.

Snorting horses be happy horses
Pretty much all there is to it.

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“Hello Dr. Kiki, Blair and Justin. Science has been doing a lot for me lately. Multiple sclerosis has been prevalent in my family. I recently had gone to see a neurologist at Mayo Clinic and they checked to see if I indeed have multiple sclerosis myself because I had been exhibiting a fair amount of symptoms. I am still awaiting the test results but I know that science has made progress in the understanding of multiple sclerosis and it is not quite as scary as it once had been so even if I do have it I will be okay because I believe in science allowing me to live a normal life nevertheless with the help of immunosuppressive therapies and so on.
–Logan Fette”

15 minutes to a better brain
Exercise post learning leads to better learning.

Oxygen Teeter Totter
Apparently, oxygen levels did some adjusting prior to reaching levels that were conducive to the explosion of life on the planet.

African origins were a multi cultural affair
It was a truly braided stream of humans.

Asteroidal Planetoids
The asteroid belt might be the remnants of 5 planets.

HIV Vaccine
One of 5 HIV vaccines has successfully completed a Phase 1 safety trial. Next step is to test efficacy of protection.

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27 June, 2018 – Episode 677 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

June 28th, 2018

Polio Against Cancer, Stellarator Update, Clean Signals, Rat Ticklers, Parasite Molecules, Organic Enceladus, Bloodhound Robot, Wolfie Genes, Prosthetic Foot, Beaver Bot, Hayabusa 2!, And Much More…

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As we approach the anniversary of independence in what some call “the greatest country,”
It is important to remember to look back, and look forward.
It is also important to address the present, but keep it in perspective.
The United States is a nation of immigrants, a nation of freedom.
A nation of mutual respect, and of newfound friends.
This nation helped humankind explore the deepest reaches of the oceans,
as well as the outer limits of our solar system.

But none of that would be possible without the inclusion of all people who ever wondered. Whether they were newcomers to our land,
those that were here before us,
or people who were once not even considered people.

Whether they were men, women, black, brown, familiar, unfamiliar,
or something we had never seen before,
progress depended and will continue to depend on everyone
near, far, similar, different, human, mouse, or extra terrestrial.
Science, technology, and the continuation of life on this planet is for and by every one of us.

So let’s hear what newfound knowledge we all now share…
on This Week in Science!
Coming up next.

Polio Against Cancer
In a Phase I clinical trial, a modified polio virus was successfully used to treat glioma.

Stellarator Update
The Wendelstein 7-X stellarator fusion donut advanced the maximum plasma temerature and length of time it could produce it according to a recent study published in Nature.

To be a good partner, you gotta speak the same language.
Cleaner shrimp signal their intentions, and fish in turn let them know they won’t be eaten.

What do you do? I’m a rat-tickler.
Tickled rats are happy rats, which is important at home and in the lab.

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“The saga, of how the collective publication of scientific and medical Open Access
research has “literally” rescued me. Medically, physically, and psychologically. But this
evolving story isn’t over yet just yet.

More than 20 years ago I started having medical issues, where when I ate certain foods
I would begin have severe cramping and an obvious immunological response. I sought
the help from my medical plan practitioners but they could offer no advice as to what
this “food intolerance” was or even what could be causing it. I had been tested for food
“allergies” (e.g IgE mediated immune response) and all antigen samples tested negative
for any “food allergy”, and the immunologists were done with me. Over time this immune
response both worsened in intensity, duration, and the number of foods I was able to
eat without problems slowly dwindled over time.

I was then diagnosed as having Sarcoidosis[1]. This condition is usually the immune systems last
ditch effort to combat some hard to kill invading organism like tuberculosis. I was
serologically tested, CAT-scanned, PET scanned, and finally biopsied on the operating table. The result? Yes, they confirmed I had sarcoidosis, but without attribution to any causative agent. They had no clue as to why, but the sarcoid condition eventually passed on its own. The doctors never gave the cause any thought, but the food intolerance not only persisted, but continued to get worse.

All was not lost because I could still think clearly, and I had Science. Not just science,
but a really really deep passion for understanding everything around me, and I had the
Open Access research on the Internet. I began by searching the Internet for the same
unique patterns of a seemingly diverse set of unrelated symptoms, and matching them to the set of all known human diseases, and kept notes. I began pulling research papers from across all the various fields of the medical and biological sciences. I used Google Scholar? for fine grained search, Google Alerts? to find real time updates as they were made available online, Wikipedia
for cross indexing basic fundamental definitions and concepts, Mendeley Desktop? to
store and organize the plethora of related scientific papers by topic and shared across
my work and home desktops, and even podcasts for getting ideas on the current
scientific breakthroughs (TWIV?, TWIP?, TWIM?, and of course we all know TWIS, ?and
finally a new addition the “Immune?” podcast ).

Through doing the comparatives for each disease, and through the long process of
elimination, the list of possible causes kept growing smaller over time. The trail of
evidence eventually lead me systematically towards a certain set of helminth parasitic
diseases, as it is well established that most all successful stealthy parasites will directly
retune their hosts immune defenses in order to remain unseen for years, and my
immune system was absolutely going crazy. This mystery disease is a subcutaneous
parasitic disease? called Dirofilaria[2], despite it being called a “pulmonary” disease in the US. There are 27 known species world wide, but you likely know one of them by the common term “Dog Heartworm”. It is spread by arthropod vectors which are required to complete its life cycle. The CDC will tell you it is only spread by mosquitoes, but it has also been documented as being spread by black flies (Simuliidae?), and horse flies (Tabanidae?) as well. I had personally
been bitten by a horse fly the summer before all my troubles started, and I had removed
a skin nodule from my leg where I had been bitten. The CDC says this disease is not a problem?, yet there is no viable clinical test to tell you if you? even have it?. To make things worse, the disease is said to be ?asymptomatic in humans?.

Absent any medical available test I could purchase, I instead purchased my own lab
equipment as I assessed it from descriptions in the various clinical case study
publications. A 1600x microscope, overkill for this, with a CCD camera, blank slides,
materials, reagents, chemicals, and all important H&E [5] stain – the suggested stain for
visual microfilaria diagnostics.

I set up shop in my home office, drew my own blood, prepared the slides, applied the
stains. Bingo, there it is. And another, and another, and another… I now have many
photographs of the microfilaria, from a disease that I can not possibly have.

This story is not over yet, and I’m not out of the woods. I have now seen the mugshot of
my nemisys, and I have read up on what needs to be done. My goal is to not just to survive this ordeal, but then to also do everything I can to correct the “official protocol”, and push for a more compassionate approach to the diagnosis and treatment of potential victims of this disease.
–Steve Coleman”

Parasite Molecules
Chemists have created a chemical system in which molecules parasitize other molecules in order to replicate demonstrating that parasitism could have evolved before life.

Organic Enceladus
Complex organic molecules were discovered in ice grains emanating within the vapor plumes from Enceladus strengthening the idea that the distant moon could harbor life.

Hayabusa 2!
The Japanese craft is in orbit around an asteroid.

Prosthetic Foot
MIT researchers have developed a low-cost prosthetic foot.

Beaver Bot
Operating similarly to dam-building beavers, scientists have developed an autonomous robotic system that can navigate rough terrain.

Bloodhound Robot
OK, that’s the last straw, robots. Replacing dogs?? Too far…

When is a wolf a wolf?
When the DNA says so, that’s when.

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20 June, 2018 – Episode 676 – This Week in Science (TWIS) Podcast

June 26th, 2018

NIF Update, Life For Mars?, The Venusian Spin, Microbial Motivations, Flying Spiders, Stressed Out Bees, Drug Beliefs, Coffee For Diabetes, Glial Pruning Shears, Light Tissue Origami, Nutrition News, VR Learning, Night Animals, Polite Dinos, And Much More…

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The world is safe.
not safe maybe, but…
The world is not nearly as dangerous at it imaginably could be…
Picture for a moment a supernatural earth
One in which vampires are real.
And not the shiny, well-mannered sophisticated type vampires full of charm and biting wit.
But, a world in which intelligent immortal blood thirsty fiends
begin hunting humans as soon as the sun goes down…
In this world,
working the late shift might have more consequences
than the ill effects of a disrupted circadian rhythm…
Day drinking would be the norm,
as bars and clubs close at dusk,
to avoid the additional dangers of Draculas with high blood alcohol levels…
And even fairy tales would have new twists,
as Cinderella hurries home
not to avoid turning into a pumpkin…
But to avoid being torn limb from limb by plasma pounding predators.
Yes, the world could be much less safe than it is…
if such monsters were real.
Or worse, it could be less intelligent!
If it wasn’t for This Week In Science,
Coming Up Next…

NIF Update
Did you forget about NIF? Researchers have been incrementally improving their methods to get to energy producing fusion. They aren’t there yet, but they’ve made a big step forward.

Life For Mars?
Red chlorophyll is essential to low-light photosynthesis in cyanobacteria, which could have the ability to survive on Mars. Hello, terraforming?

The Venusian Spin
The quickly churning atmosphere of Venus actually pushes the planet around faster.

Microbes And Mood
The little buggers may contribute to depression.

Mayo clinic microbes
A cure for constipation?

Protein shakes are for chickens
Researchers suggest bacteria as space food for cows.

Holy flying spiders, Batman!
Flying spiders, or to be more accurate, wind-surfing spiders, can asses weather conditions for a grand day out. Now THAT’S a weatherman a person can trust!

Bees get stressed, just like you.
Did you have a crazy day at work? Did you find that your ability to complete tasks went down as your stress went up? Bees are just like us!!

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This Week in What Has Science Done for me Lately?!?
“I have a hearing loss. It was discovered when I was 6 in 1966 and struggled to learn to read. I also didn’t talk much then. My first grade teacher told my mother that I was retarded. She didn’t believe that for a moment because I have done things retarded children just don’t do. So off to the doctors we went. I don’t remember much of the visit. I do remember hearing in great fascination the noises coming from a sample hearing aid that was over the ear and had no mold so it whistled a lot.
The family moved that year to State College and I repeated first grade. This time WITH a hearing aid. From my second time in first grade through eighth grade, I also got speech therapy in Penn States back yard. They, at that time, had a terrific hearing center. To this day, I often get noted for good eye contact. The truth is, there is NO eye contact. I am watching your lips as that therapy was a lot of lipreading. A four inch difference.
I wore several analog hearing aids through that time and had a new mold for the ear about every six months (growing up you know, a loose mold allows a lot of feedback or whistling).
Not that it solved all my problems. I was picked on relentlessly till I got to high school. Like a hearing loss kid is going to be normal. The worst years were junior high. Teachers listening to this, pay attention. Just about EVERY child in my grade at that school could EASILY tell you what my problems were but in my case, none of the teachers were willing to listen.
Over the decades, I never stopped wearing aids. Went from one over the left ear to a pair of in ear as the technology advanced. The quality improved significantly. Then about 4 years ago, moved on to an over the ear pair that is essentially a computer that shapes sound. The amplifier is in a tiny module that has a rubber cone on it that sits in the ear. A wire runs from the computer to the amp.
The amp in this link for the top picture in this link is that tiny module where the clear rubber cone is. They pick colors based on your hair color so mine are brown. Those rubber cones are disposable. Mine also have not one but three mikes allowing them to eliminate some of the noise.
Expensive too. ($5590 for the pair, ouch). If I could afford it and wanted it, the dealer as a new model that improves understanding by another 30% or so they say but that is another five grand. NO INSURANCE for this. Vocational Rehab once bought me a pair. The cheapest hunks of junk they could get their hands on (they were marginal too.) I have no clue how society can get insurance and decent quality electronics for all. This problem should be insured.
So, science solves some of my hearing loss. For the record, it is around 50%, both ears. While growing up, it was %60 / %40 left / right. so wore aid in the left ear Most of the loss is in the high frequencies. High frequencies are where 90% of your speech understanding is.
Try this experiment if you can. make a sound filter that lowers frequencies 1000 hz and up by at least 50% and see if you can understand speech.
–David Eckard”

Strong religious beliefs stay away from weed
…but pop opioid pills just the same.

Coffee For Diabetes
Researchers controlled blood sugar in mice using caffeine.

Glial cells make you smarter…
or forgetful.

Light Tissue Origami
Researchers are folding biological tissue with light!

BPA Miscommunication
BPA creates communication problems for mice.

Mediterranean Diet
It’s still good, just how good is in question.

Eels On Cocaine
Cocaine contaminated waters are likely having an effect on sea life.

Triclosan Mutations
Yup, triclosan leads to anti-bacterial resistance mutations.

VR – maybe not so bad after all…
People learn better through VR than a laptop or tablet. But might they learn even better in REAL LIFE??

This brings the cold shoulder to a whole new level.
Animals are avoiding us so hard they are turning noctural. Ouch.

Dinos were polite

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